Tax Implications for buying/selling stocks

Tax Implications for buying/selling stocks

The pandemic COVID-19 has created an adverse impact on the economy of the entire world. Millions and millions of Americans have taken the advantage of the low stock prices and purchased many stocks. Many have sold their stocks and withholdings due to market fluctuations and economic causes too.

 However, if you have sold or even purchased stocks during this pandemic stricken period you must be willing to understand various tax implications on this. Moreover, you might also be inquisitive to understand the differences between long term and short term capital gains.

 So, let us talk about some of the major areas and topics associated with the tax implications on the stock market.

 

Taxes levied on the Capital Gains

 On selling of the shares of winning stock, you would have created Capital Gains. If you are selling your shares during a downturn, you must keep in mind that you might obtain again depending on the duration for which you have held the stock.

 

Suppose, you have sold a stock at a rate of $80 per share, which is d downturn from the $100 price of each share. You might think that this stock has lost its value and is apt for sale; however, if you would have purchased the stock before 10 years at the cost of $20 for each share you will have a $60 gain and not a $20 loss on each share.

 

So, in case you had 100 shares of that stock your cost price at the $2000. By selling the shares at $8000, you would be able to recognise a long-term capital gain which would be at around $6000.

 

In case, you are in the tax rate bracket of 15% long term capital gains then you would have to pay federal taxes of around $900 when the stocks are being sold.

 

Long Term Capital Gain and Short Term Capital Gain

In case you have been holding a security for a period of more than 1 year, then on the sale of that security, you will be eligible to obtain long term capital gains at the tax rates of 0%, 15%, or 20% based on the income.

  • However, if you obtain the same gain from the sale of stocks which have been held for one year or even less then the short-term capital gains would be taxed at the same rate as that of ordinary income i.e. 10%, 12%, 22%,24%, 32%, 35% or even 37%.
  • If you are married and you have a combined taxable income of $150, 0000 along with your spouse. When this is your income level, you can have a long term capital gains tax rate at 15% and your Federal Income Tax rate would be 22%.
  • Then the capital gain of $6000 which you have obtained by selling security which you have held for one year or less would be $1320 and not $900.

Capital losses can be offset with Capital Gains

You should not feel disheartened if you have sold the losing stock and have faced capital losses. You can offset your capital losses with your capital gains. This procedure is known as Tax harvesting where investors realize their capital losses and offset their capital gains.

 Suppose, you had a capital gain of $10000 from the sale of a particular stock whereas, you experienced a capital loss of around $8000 on the sale of another stock. So, in this case, you can deduct the capital losses from capital gains. You would obtain $2000 long-term capital gain thus, reducing your capital gains and taxes.

 For instance, if your capital losses are greater than your capital gains, then you can deduct up to $3000 in a year in the form of allowable capital losses against the non-investment income. This would help lower your overall taxable income.

 However, in the case of 2020 if there has been a loss of $8000 by the sale of stock then there are no gains offset it against. You can deduct $3000out of that loss against the non-investment income. The remaining $5000 can be easily carried forward into the subsequent years. This can be either deducted against the future capital gains or can also be written off against the non-investment income. This can be done at the rate of $3000 in a year until the complete loss has been deducted. 

 

Net Investment Income Tax

This is an additional tax that you might face depending on your income. The IRS had started implementing the Net Investment Income Tax for partial funding of the Affordable Care Act.

By this, an additional tax of 3.8% would be imposed on your investment income if the thresholds are exceeded by your Modified Adjusted Gross Income.

 These thresholds can be listed as

  1. Married jointly- $250,000
  2. Married but filing tax returns separately – $125,000
  3. Single or the Head of a household – $200,000
  4. You re a qualifying widow/widower along with a child – $250,000 

 The Net Investment Income Tax applies not only to the income from capital gains but also the investment income which has been derived from dividends, interest, rental income, royalty income, and also non-qualified annuity income.

Conclusion

 So, this information would be helpful for you in understanding the various tax implications imposed on the purchase or sale of stocks.

The top 10 myths busted for taxpayers in the US-2020.

The top 10 myths busted for taxpayers

in the US-2020.

It is quite obvious that there are some common misconceptions among the taxpayers related to various facts related to taxes. Some taxpayers feel paying taxes is not necessary and can be avoided whereas certain tax deductions have been labeled as loopholes. Some taxpayers even follow the bad tax advice from others blindly and land up in troubles. 

So, let us understand some of the major myths associated with the taxes in the US and debunk those myths to be better taxpayers.

 

Myth 1:- Filing of taxes is a voluntary activity.

Even if this can be considered as falsehood, there are a large number of people who believe in this. These people think that due to the Form 1040 instruction book, the tax system is voluntary and people are not legally liable to pay taxes.

Here the term voluntary means that every individual would find out how much tax they owe, but has no relations if the filling of taxes is done on time or not. Unless there is a legal dispute, it is a bad idea to think about such theories to contest with the IRS.

 

Myth 2:- Illegal activity is not taxable.

Even if performing illegal activities is wrong, it cannot be considered non-taxable. The income obtained from illegal activities is taxable. If the entire scenario is being considered from a tax perspective, then the IRS does not care whether income obtained is by robbing banks or by defrauding investors. When an individual is making money, the Government is entitled to receive its share. The person can be very good at covering the tracks but, if illegal income is made and on top of that tax cheating is done it is sure to be exposed.

 

Myth 3:- Pets can be claimed as dependents.

A person might love his pets up to any extent, but he cannot claim them as dependents. Pets indeed obtain half of their financial support from the masters; but, they are not humans. If a dependent is being claimed falsely, then it would be counted as a fraud and must be avoided.

 

Myth 4:- Students do not need to pay taxes.

It can be said that this myth is partially true. If a student is being claimed as a dependent of someone else who has an income less than $12,200, then he would not have to pay taxes. But, the students should file their taxes. If the student would have an employer who would be withholding money due to some purposes then the student can receive a refund.

 

Myth 5:- Online income is free of taxes.

This type of rumor might have started as those who are doing business online do not fill the Form W-9 and report their income to the IRS. But, the IRS does not consider income earned from online different from that of the income earned offline. Irrespective of the medium, if you are earning more than $400 you will have to declare the income on your tax returns.

 

Myth 6:- The IRS would file a tax return for you.

IRS can verify your tax returns but waiting for your returns to be filed by the IRS would be quite disappointing. Your tax returns have to be filed by you only and you cannot depend on the IRS for that.

 

Myth 7:- Home office deductions are equal to instant audit.

There was a time when this myth was almost considered to be the truth. But, with home offices becoming quite prevalent this fact has become a myth now. Claiming a home office would increase the scrutiny but they are quite common and reduce the fear of claiming a legitimate deduction.

 

Myth 8:- Lack of time to do taxes.

Since we have already covered the fact that taxes are not voluntary lack of time for not filing your taxes does not form a considerable factor anymore. There are several options available for making tax filing easier and lack of time cannot be considered anymore.

 

Myth 9:- Your tax mistakes are your accountant’s liabilities.

Even if you are hiring an accountant, the mistakes made in tax filing are your responsibilities ultimately. You should not assume that your accountant must have taken care of all details; rather you must double-check the details before the returns are filed.

 

Myth 10:- I don’t have enough money for being audited.

You might think that if your income is less you will not be audited by the IRS. However, your income has less connection with you being audited. Many other factors play an important role in your audits rather than your income. Even though the probability of being audited is more for those individuals who fall under the income bracket of $100k, still those falling below this bracket can also get audited. You must maintain a detailed record of any income which can be considered as questionable.

 

Conclusion.

So, these myths are the mysteries which many taxpayers in the US believe. However, these myths are far away from reality and taxpayers should avoid getting confused with these myths.

Step-by-step guideline on what to do if you cannot afford to pay your taxes

Step-by-step guideline on what to do if you cannot afford to pay your taxes

Step-by-step guideline on what to do if you cannot afford to pay your taxes

 

 The IRS had extended the tax return filing and payment deadline until 15th July 2020 for the Americans to alleviate the financial crisis faced by millions of Americans due to the pandemic COVID-19. However, the pandemic has led to the unemployment of millions and millions of Americans. So, even with the extension in the return filing and tax payment deadlines, it is quite difficult for some Americans to pay their taxes on time.

The IRS has a simple reminder for the taxpayers who cannot pay their entire amount of federal taxes which they owe. They should file their tax returns on time and pay as much as possible. By this, the interest and penalties of taxpayers would reduce and there would not be much accumulation of interest to pay back.

If a taxpayer plans to pay his taxes as much as he can afford, then the IRS has some convenient methods to do this i.e. by IRS Direct Pay Method, Electronic Federal Tax Payment System (EFTPS), Electronic Funds Withdrawal, Debit or Credit card, or by Check/Money Order, etc.

However, for those taxpayers who feel payment of taxes are unaffordable at the moment; they can follow a detailed plan.

Step1 – File by the new 15th July deadline even if it feels difficult to afford the payment on time

As said earlier, due to the pandemic COVID-19 the deadline to pay the Federal taxes has been pushed to 15th July 2020. However, with this extra time, taxpayers should not wait much more to file their taxes. Taxpayers must consult tax professionals for filling the forms. By this, the credits and deductions to lower the bill can be found out easily.

Many taxpayers might consider the option of the deadline extension. However, the extension would provide more time for filing the tax returns but not for 

paying the taxes. Even if there is an extension, the tax payment must be done on time. So, an extension should only be filed by the taxpayers if due to some reason the taxpayer is not able to file the tax returns on time.

 Step2 – Pay as much as possible by the tax deadline

This is also recommended by the IRS that the taxpayers should wait till the deadline, try to arrange for the tax amount, and pay off as much as possible. Some taxpayers even prefer discarding some of their unwanted materials in exchange for cash which can be utilized in payment of their taxes which are due.

Taxpayers can contact the IRS on the toll-free number to discuss alternate payment options. IRS might help the defaulter taxpayers with other payment options like a short-term extension to pay the taxes, an

agreement for installment, an offer in compromise, or by temporary delay in the collection by reporting that the taxpayer’s account is currently not collectible until the taxpayers can afford to make the payment.

Step3 – Keep paying the taxes you owe even after filing

Even after Tax Day, taxpayers would have a period of around 1 month or 2 months before the IRS would contact them about the rest of the tax payment. During this available time of 1month or 2 months, taxpayers should try to pay out as much as possible to reduce the balance left out.

In case the taxpayers are not able to make their complete payment by this time, the IRS would suggest options for making the rest of the payments in monthly installments.

 

Step4 – Rectify the problem

You should approach a tax professional and try to work with him or his team to ensure that you are not stuck with the problem of unaffordability related to tax payments. This can be feasible either by setting aside profits from a side business or by the adjustment of withholdings from your paychecks.

Your issues can be best identified and rectified by the tax professionals so that these issues are avoided in the future.

Conclusion

Hence, you can follow these steps and try to pay off as much tax as you can. Avoiding the aggregation of penalties is important to avoid any further financial and economic hardships.

How can a qualified tax professional help you e-file your taxes amidst the pandemic to maximize your refunds?

How can a qualified tax professional help you e-file your taxes amidst the pandemic to maximize your refunds?

How can a qualified tax professional help you e-file your taxes amidst the pandemic to maximize your refunds?

By hiring qualified tax professionals for your tax preparation, you are free from the stress of preparing the tax returns alone. The expertise of qualified professionals would ensure that you obtain all the deductions and credits which you are eligible to receive. You can gain peace of mind, avoid making mistakes while filing tax returns, and also save your time by hiring qualified tax professionals. 

Currently, the pandemic COVID-19 has created mayhem all around and has affected the economic condition of the entire country. Several businesses have been shut down and millions of Americans have lost their sources of livelihood. In such a deteriorating situation, obtaining a considerable amount of tax refund would be very helpful to ease the financial stress for some time.

If you are preparing your tax returns with the help of a qualified tax professional, your tax preparer would suggest you several methods to e-file by which you can obtain maximum tax refunds.

So, let us have a look at some of the methods to e-file suggested by your tax professionals for getting maximum tax refunds.

a.Claim all available tax deductions

Your tax preparer would suggest you to dig into all available tax deductions. There are many common deductions available such as charitable donations, medical costs, interest on mortgage and education expenses, etc. The deductions would be subtracted from your AGI (Adjusted Gross Income) thus, lowering your taxable income.  As your taxable income would be low, you would have to pay fewer taxes and you can obtain higher refunds.

However, there are some deductions which you might not be aware of or are very easily overlooked such as State Sales Tax, Student loan interest, Out-of-the pocket charitable contributions, Certain jury duty fees, Child and dependent care, Reinvested dividends, State income tax paid on returns of last year, Earned Income Tax Credit (EITC), etc.  You must keep good records of your deductions especially in case of charitable contributions. Moreover, your tax preparer would suggest you to ensure that you are claiming deductions for those organizations which have the status of “Tax-exempt” with the IRS.

b.Maximize your contributions made to IRA and HSA

Your tax preparer would suggest you maximize your contributions which you are making towards the IRA and the HSA. Traditional IRA contributions can help reduce your taxable income. The contributions made towards Roth IRA do not qualify for tax deductions but they can qualify for Saver’s credit if you can meet the income guidelines. In case, you are self-employed you can be able to contribute towards a certain self-employed retirement plan till 15th October 2020. 

Your pre-tax contributions to an HSA can also help lower your taxable income. Your tax preparer would suggest you to contribute more towards your HSA before the timelines are closed. You should have enrolled in a health insurance plan which has high deductibles that either meet or exceed the required amounts of the IRS. 

c.Use of best filing status

One of the major factors which can maximize your tax refunds is the choice of your filing status. You must inform your tax preparer about any of your major life changes before e-filing. Your relationship status on 31st December of a year determines your entire year’s filing status and you must use it while filing your tax returns. These options for filing status include Single, Married and filing jointly, Married and filing separately, Head of household or qualifying widower. If you could file your tax returns using two statuses such as “Single” and “Head of Household”, your tax preparer can calculate your taxes and find out which one would be beneficial for you in terms of more returns.

 

d.File your tax returns on time

Your tax professional would always suggest you to file your tax returns on time. This increases your chances of getting a maximum refund. The only exception to this is the case in which you have filed for an extension in the timeline to file your tax returns. The IRS charges penalties for not being able to file your income tax returns on time. Your penalty would be around 5% of your unpaid taxes for each month late up to 5 months from your tax filing deadline. Moreover, if you are not paying your taxes on time the IRS would charge penalties and interest on it. If there are penalties and interest levied by the IRS, then it is quite obvious for you to obtain low tax returns.

e.Report all your income

Many people do not report all income on their return. This can be intentional or unintentional but the IRS would charge penalties for this. If IRS uncovers your unreported income then it would charge penalties and interest on your unpaid taxes. Your tax professionals would suggest you to spend some extra time in reviewing your returns and make sure that you are not forgetting any source of income. Usually, the sources of income that are overlooked are the interest income, income from dividends, contract work, 529 contributions, charitable gifts, etc. You can maintain a spreadsheet and keep on updating your income sources every year to avoid mistakes while tax preparation.

Conclusion

Hence, with the help of these tips and methods, you are sure to maximize your refunds during these difficult times. If there is an error after filing your tax returns which would affect your refund amount, you can amend your return by filing Form 1040X.

Top #10 things to know about IRS and its working amidst the pandemic

Top #10 things to know about IRS and its working amidst the pandemic

Top #10 things to know about IRS and its working amidst the pandemic

The outbreak of the pandemic COVID-19 has brought a tough time for everyone. With the economic lives of people being hugely affected due to the coronavirus, the US Government has taken various steps for providing relief to the Americans.The Coronavirus Stimulus Package under the CARES Act is one such major step taken by the Federal Government which would be of certain help to the Americans for dealing with financial issues arising due to the pandemic.

The Internal Revenue Service (IRS) has been playing a major role in the implementation of the various tax laws which have been passed recently by the Federal Government. Along with the normal course of operational activities of the IRS associated with filing of tax returns and their processing, it is also working tirelessly towards the determination and distribution of the Stimulus payments to the eligible taxpayers.

Let us have a look at the major 10 things which we should know about the operations and working of the IRS during the outbreak of COVID-19.

a.Information Center for all queries

The official website of the IRS i.e. IRS.gov/coronavirus is the first place where the taxpayers can find answers to all of their queries related to tax returns and stimulus payments.All updates associated with tax returns processing and stimulus package would be posted by the IRS therein this website. The taxpayers should avoid calling up the IRS and check out the IRS.gov/coronavirus website for tax updates amidst the pandemic. 

b.Limited live assistance from IRS

The phone lines of the IRS and the Assistance Centers for taxpayers are to be non-functional for an infinite period.The IRS hotlines including service as well as compliance hotlines such as automated under reporter, collection functions, etc. are not operational for long. Moreover, the IRS has suspended all compliance activities related to tax such as audit and collection till 15th July 2020.So, taxpayers and tax professionals should not worry about missing the tax deadlines. The Local Taxpayer Assistance Centers are also not operational currently. 

c.All audits to be put on hold

The IRS has announced that all new audits have been suspended and would resume only after 15th July 2020. But, it is quite obvious for the taxpayers to expect that the IRS must utilize the audit power it has to prevent the erroneous tax refunds.The IRS would be filing filters that would help in stopping suspicious refunds such as Earned Income Tax Credit Returns, suspected identity theft returns, etc. till the taxpayers would be able to verify the returns.So, this freezing of the refund audits will continue and would be troublesome for taxpayers as they will not be receiving any prompt response from the IRS.Moreover, taxpayers can take advice from the local Taxpayer Advocate Service Office in case of facing any queries due to the withholding of audits and refunds.

d.Temporary respite if a taxpayer owes tax

The IRS has halted the enforcement of any tax collection till 15th July 2020. Moreover, all the pending collection alternatives by the IRS and any offers related to compromises in tax laws are also on hold till 15th July 2020. According to the provisions of the People First Initiative, liens, levies, and any restrictions on passport have also been put on hold.

e.Difficulty in reaching out to the IRS even after COVID-19 is over

The IRS would even have its phone lines and hotlines non-functional after the pandemic is over.After the normal operations start, the resources of the IRS would be occupied with the backlog of tax filing issues and people trying to contact the IRS for other tax filing assistance. However, the IRS would be providing other means such as email or e-fax by which taxpayers would submit their documents.

f.Tax returns are still being processed by the IRS

The stimulus payments are being processed by using the information related to the tax returns of 2019 or 2018. If an individual has not filed his tax returns for 2019 or 2018, then this is the right time to do it now. The returns can be e-filed easily and can get accepted in a day without any inconvenience.

 

g.No requirement of monthly installment agreement payment

 Under the provisions of the “People First Initiative”, the IRS has announced that taxpayers can skip their monthly installment payment during the period of 1st April 2020 to 15th July 2020. This would not be considered as a tax payment default by the IRS.

 

h.Account-related queries can be sorted by IRS transcripts

Taxpayers can obtain their transcripts by creating an IRS account online, review these transcripts and get solutions to any queries related to issues like previous AGI, amount of penalty, amount of estimated tax payments, etc.

i.Any hardship-TAS can be reached

Any taxpayer facing financial hardships and having a hold on their tax refunds can contact their local advocate for suggestions. However, the central TAS hotline would remain closed.

j.Stimulus payment will not be used by IRS tax collectors

The IRS has made it clear that it would not use the stimulus payment of any individual for paying off of any tax debt owed by the individual taxpayer.Hence, the IRS is playing a commendable role in helping the common people in improving their economic lives during this difficult time.

References

https://www.accountingtoday.com/list/10-things-to-know-about-irs-operations-during-the-coronavirus-pandemic

https://taxfoundation.org/coronavirus-tax-tracker-covid19/

 

 

 

Filed your 2019 Tax Returns with the IRS? Here’s all you need to know

Filed your 2019 Tax Returns with the IRS? Here’s all you need to know

Filed your 2019 Tax Returns with the IRS? Here’s all you need to know

Under the provisions of the CARES Act, the Americans have been provided with Stimulus payment for certain relief from the economic distress caused due to the pandemic COVID-19. The amount you would receive as Stimulus payment or as the Economic Impact Payment (EIP) is being calculated by the IRS based on the information provided while filing tax returns for the year 2019.  

However, there can be instances in which even if the tax returns for 2019 have been filed but the amount received as Economic Impact Payment (EIP) is quite different from the amount expected.

 Economic Impact Payment (EIP) is quite different from the amount expected

a.If the 2019 tax returns have not been filed or the processing of the 2019 tax returns have not been completed by the IRS

The calculation for the amount you would receive as Economic Impact Payment is done based on their data of 2019. In case you have not filed his tax returns for the year 2019, then in such a case, the IRS would consider the information of the tax returns for the year 2018.

Moreover, suppose you have already filed your tax returns for the year 2019 but the returns have not been processed by the IRS. In such a case, the IRS would use your information of the year 2018 and calculate your EIP. This might lead to receipt of a different amount as the various life events which might have occurred in 2019 would not have been included during the calculation.

b.If the qualifying criteria for the additional $500 are not clear

You would receive an additional $500 if you have claimed your children for the Child Tax Credit during filing your tax returns. To claim a child for the Child Tax Credit, you must be related to the child, lived with him for more than half of a year, and must be bearing half of his expenses.  The child must be below the age of 17 years at the end of the year for which you have filed the tax returns. 

You can also claim your foster/adopted children, your siblings, your nieces, or nephews if they satisfy the qualifying criteria. If the claimed child has an individual taxpayer identification number (ITIN), then he would not be considered for an additional payment of $500 in the EIP. You would receive an additional $500 only if the claimed dependent has a valid Social Security Number (SSN) or an Adoption Taxpayer Identification Number (ATIN).

 

 

c.If you have claimed a dependent who is a college student

 According to the CARES Act, if you have claimed your child or dependent who is a college student then you would not be eligible for receiving the additional $500. Suppose, you have claimed your dependent who is a college student in your 2019 federal income tax returns. However, your dependent is more than 17 years of age and would not be eligible for getting you the additional $500 in the EIP.

d.If claimed dependents are above the age of 17 years or are your parents/relatives

In case during your tax return filing, you have claimed your parent or any other relative who is of the age 17 years or older, then that dependent will not be eligible to receive a $1,200 Stimulus payment. Also, you will not be eligible to receive an additional $500 in your EIP because your parent or other relative is not satisfying the qualifying criteria i.e. being above the age of 17 years.

However, if you are not claiming your parent or relative as a dependent and neither anyone else is doing so for their tax return of 2020, then your parent or relative would be eligible to obtain the $1200 stimulus payment on the tax return filed for 2020 next year.

e.If past-due support to a child is deducted from the EIP

Your past-due child support can be a reason for the offset of your EIP. In such a case, if an offset occurs you would receive a notice from the Bureau of the Fiscal Service. In case you are married and have filed your tax returns jointly, along with filing an injured spouse claim during your tax returns of 2019 or 2018(in case the tax returns for 2019 have not been filed) the payment would be equally divided and sent to you and your spouse. Your EIP or your spouse’s EIP would be offset depending on who owes the past-due child support. 

 

 

If you received an incorrect EIP

  • You need to be very clear about the eligibility criteria, know the eligibility requirements of your family, and ensure that you meet the qualifying criteria.
  • You might have received a lesser amount of EIP than that you expected. However, you might be eligible to receive an extra amount of EIP next year while filing your tax returns for 2020.
  • If you are eligible, you can claim additional credits on your tax returns for the year 2020 while filing for the tax returns.
  • You must keep the letter you receive by mail after obtaining your EIP as records for future use.