Top #5 things to know about the 2020 IRS Form-W4

Top #5 things to know about the 2020 IRS Form-W4

Top #5 things to know about

the 2020 IRS Form-W4

Employees need to fill the IRS Form-W4 to intimate their employers about the amount which must be withheld from their paychecks. This amount which is to be withheld usually depends upon the filing status, tax credits, dependents, and deductions of an employee. In case the IRS Form-W4 of an employee is not filled correctly, then the employee might owe paying tax while filing tax returns.

The IRS has designed the new 2020 IRS Form-W4 by closely working with the payroll and tax community to help the taxpayers. By the new IRS Form-W4, taxpayers would be able to find out their correct withholding value. There have been various changes such as a reduction in the tax rates, changes in itemized deductions, the introduction of other dependent credits, etc. which led to the revamping of IRS Form-W4 in 2020.

Major 5 things to know about the 2020 IRS Form-W4

Major 5 things to know

about the 2020 IRS Form-W4

1.Different versions of Form-W4 on file

All the employees don’t need to fill the 2020 IRS Form-W4. The IRS has also designed withholding tables which can function with the new 2020 IRS Form-W4 and the previous versions of the Form W4. 

The revamped 2020 IRS Form-W4 must be filled in by the below-mentioned employees.

  • Those employees who have been newly hired in 2020 or 
  • Those who are willing to change their withholdings in 2020

2. The layout is completely different with new tax withholding tables

The layout of the 2020 IRS Form W4 looks completely different from systematic division into five steps and forms an entire page.

  • The first step would contain the entry of personal information and the anticipated filing status of an individual.
  • The second step is necessary for those employees who have either more than one job at a time or is married with working spouse and filing returns jointly.
  • In the third step, the child tax credit and credit for other dependents can be determined that can be claimed while filing returns.
  • This fourth step provides instructions for determining any other estimated income of the year, deductions other than standard deductions, and any other additional tax which the employee wants to be withheld.
  • The last step contains the employee’s signature and date below the penalties of perjury. 

Moreover, two new tables align with the new IRS Form-W4.

  • For Automated Payroll Systems, percentage method tables can be used.
  • For Manual Payroll Systems, wage bracket method tables can be used.

3. Personal withholding allowances are eliminated

This is the most important change in the IRS Form-W4 which distinguishes itself from Form-W4 of 2019. Previously, withholding allowances were used by employers for the determination of the income tax withholding.  Personal withholding allowances are the exemptions from the Federal Income Tax and the more allowances an employee claim the less amount would be withheld from his wages for income tax. However, now employees can easily claim dependents or other deductions on Form W4 rather than claiming withholding allowances for the reduction of federal income taxes.

 

4.Additional Adjustments

The fourth step of the 2020 IRS Form-W4 is associated with the additional adjustments that can be made. However, this step is optional and would be feasible in instances such as

  • Adjustments for additional withholding can be made if there are other income sources like retirement income or any income from dividends.
  • The withholdings can be reduced in this section if any such deductions are different from standard deductions like interest on a student loan, any additional tax deductions, etc.
  • Any additional income tax can be entered such as any amount which can be deducted from paychecks including any amount which needs adjustments.

5.Importance on dependents and other tax credits

The 2020 IRS Form-W4 helps employees in indicating if they are eligible for availing the Child Tax credit and any other dependent credits. Employees who are interested in the actual refining of their withholding amount more accurately can also include additional credits such as Education tax credits. These credits can be included in the Form W4 by Step 3 of the Five-Step Process. 

Hence, it can be said that the new Form-W4 can be filled if there are any changes in the financial situation of an individual. 

 

State and Local Tax relief laws for COVID-19

State and Local Tax relief laws for COVID-19

State and Local Tax relief laws for COVID-19

The novel coronavirus (COVID-19) is spreading rapidly with a huge toll on the lives of common people and the global economy as well. In the US, the number of people being affected by the COVID-19 is on an increase and has reached around 4 lakhs now. The number of people who have died due to COVID-19 in the US is approximately around 11,000. Similarly, many people have even lost their livelihoods due to the closing or the downfall of several businesses.

However, Tax relief laws the Federal Government has been extremely considerate towards the sufferings of the common people and has taken several initiatives for providing some relief to them. The income tax payment and return filing deadline for the taxes due on 15th April 2020 has been postponed to 15th July 2020 by the IRS. Also, several new laws have been implemented by the Federal Government for the support of individuals, small and medium scale businesses even. The Coronavirus Aid, Relief and Economic Security Act (CARES), Families First Coronavirus Response Act, Stimulus Package, etc. are some of the major initiatives taken by the Government for providing support and assistance to people. 

Tax relief laws by State Government  

In the US, the tax rules and laws associated with the Federal Government and the State Government are different from each other. In this distressful period, the State Government of different states of the country has announced various changes and new rules related to the tax laws.

Let us talk about some of the major tax relief laws imposed by the State Government in the different states to deal with the economic disruption caused by COVID-19.

Alabama

  • In Alabama, the Revenue Department has announced on provisions for tax relief to small businesses that would not be able to pay their Sales tax for February, March, and April. Those small retail businesses whose monthly sales in the previous year have been $62500 or less on average can have the liberty to file their sales tax return for February, March, and April without paying the State Sales tax. There will be a waiver of late tax payment penalties for these small retail businesses through 1st June 2020.
  • The deadline for motor vehicle registration and vehicle property tax payment for March 2020 has been extended through 15th April 2020. Moreover, tax relief would be available for State lodgings tax account holders who are unable to make their payment for February-April 2020.
  • The due date for payment and filing returns for 2019 Income tax and 2020 estimated Income tax which were due on 15th April 2020 has been extended to 15th July 2020.

California

  • The Income Tax deadline for return filing, payment for 2019 and 2020 estimated tax payments Quarter 1 and Quarter 2 has been extended to 15th July 2020. This is also applicable for 2020 LLC taxes, fees, and 2020 non-wage withholding payments. 
  • The Californian Employment Development Department (EDD) has declared that the employers in the State who have been impacted by COVID-19 can request a delay of up to 60 days in filing their State payroll reports or in the deposit of their payroll taxes without the payment of any penalty. The employers must provide a written request for this extension within 60 days of the original tax filing/payment due date.
  • Moreover, there has been an announcement on the deferral of business taxes for supporting small businesses that have been affected by the COVIS-19.

Connecticut

  • The Department of Revenue Services in Connecticut has extended the deadlines for filing the annual tax returns due on or after 15th March 2020 and before 1st June 2020 to 15th June 2020.
  •  Also, the tax payments which are associated with these tax returns have been extended to the due date available in June.
  • The personal income tax return filing deadline has been extended to 15th July 2020 and this extension is also applicable for estimated tax payments of 2020 Quarter 1 and Quarter 2.

Columbia

  • For income tax returns, the deadline for tax payment and return filing which was due on 15th April 2020 has been extended to 15th July 2020.
  • In the District of Columbia, penalties/interest will be waived for the failure of sales tax payment for a period that ends on 29th February 2020 or 31st March 2020 if all the taxes are paid completely on or before 20th July 2020. This waiver does not apply to hotels or motels which can defer property tax under another emergency legislation. 
  • This legislation states that hotels/motels can avail penalties waiver for the delay in payment of the property tax’s first installment of 2020 if the installment is paid by 20th June 2020.

Texas

  • In Texas, the Comptroller has declared that the sales tax collected in March 2020 would be remitted and would be available for emergency health care and other emergency operations for the people.
  • The Texan Comptroller has also insisted on the businesses in the State to make use of short term payment agreements for meeting the deadline of March 2020. 

Massachusetts

  • The Department of Revenue in Massachusetts has implemented an emergency regulation amendment. According to this amendment, the sales and use tax return filing and payment which are due for the period of 20th March 2020 to 31st May 2020 will remain suspended. These tax return filing and tax payments would be now due for 20th June 2020. 
  • Marijuana retailers, marketplace facilitators or motorcycle vendors are not included within this amendment. Any penalties or interest would be waived but the accumulation of statutory interest will continue.

Virginia

  • In Virginia, the Department of Taxation has announced that all the income tax payments which are due from 1st April 2020 to 1st June 2020 can be paid at the Department anytime on or before 1st June 2020. If all the payments are received by 1st June 2020, then the Department would waive all penalties for late payment otherwise penalties would start accumulating from the original payment due date. 
  • However, interest would also keep accruing from the original due date of payment. Some of the taxes which are eligible for this extension and waiver are individual, fiduciary and corporate income taxes and any estimated income tax payments in this period.  The State provides an automatic filing deadline extension for all the taxpayers for six months.  Also, the Department of Taxation would consider requests for sales tax dealers who would request an extension in the sales tax payment and return filing which was due on 20th March 2020 and would extend it till 20th April 2020.

Montana

  • The Montana Revenue Department would assess the situation of taxpayers on a case-by-case basis and might permit the deferral of tax payments for up to one month at an instance. 
  • The taxpayers must contact the Tax Collection Bureau by email, phone or mail at least one week before the actual due date of payment for making a deferral request.
  • The 2020 estimated tax payments for the first quarter have been extended to 15th July 2020 and the second quarter payment is also due on 15th July 2020.

Conclusion

Hence, along with the Federal Government, these are some of the tax relief laws/rules implemented by the different states. Taxpayers can communicate with their respective State tax agencies for complete details on the amendments made in their respective tax laws for COVID-19. These rules and amendments in State tax laws would act as a support for the distressed individual taxpayers or businesses in coping up with the economic disruptions.

References

https://tax.thomsonreuters.com/news/tax-relief-offered-by-states-and-localities-in-response-to-covid-19/?utm_campaign=T_CPE_NSL_9017597_covid19news_20200406_PR_EM1&utm_medium=email&utm_source=Eloqua&site_id=82769734&cid=9017596&chl=em&sfdccampaignid=7014Q000002SW4xQAG&elqTrackId=8432E59EA486AE4E4F693C86C8DF092E&elq=1fca5b09cc9e4a48adaa952eec158059&elqaid=22686&elqat=1&elqCampaignId=16486

https://www2.deloitte.com/us/en/pages/tax/articles/covid-19-state-and-local-tax-due-date-relief-developments.html  

 

How business entities would obtain benefits from the suspension of tax compliance programs by the IRS?

How business entities would obtain benefits from the suspension of tax compliance programs by the IRS?

How business entities would obtain benefits from

the suspension of tax compliance programs by the IRS?

Tax Compliance programs by the IRS has been taking a series of steps related to tax legislation as an effort to alleviate the stress common people are facing due to the outbreak of COVID-19. The rapidly spreading COVID-19 has led to the reduction in sales, slowdown of businesses, people being laid off from their jobs and huge economic adversities. In such a chaotic situation, the IRS’s initiatives on the suspension of tax compliance would act as a boon for the taxpayers, especially for the business entities. 

How business entities would obtain benefits from the suspension of tax compliance programs by the IRS.One such major initiative taken by the IRS is the implementation of the “People First Initiative” which would help in providing relaxation to those business entities who are facing uncertainties related to their taxes.

People First Initiative

The People First Initiative includes the postponement of certain payments that are associated with the installment agreements and offers in compromise.According to IRS, these measures included under the People First Initiative would start from 1st April 2020 onwards and would continue up to July 2020.The major changes which have been included in the People First Initiative are the postponement of the payments which are related to the Installment Agreements, the Offers in compromise, Audits, and other enforcement activities.

Installment Agreements

  • The IRS has announced that it has suspended the existing installment agreements that were due in between 1st April and 15th July 2020. Those taxpayers who are not able to comply with the terms of the installment agreement can suspend their payments due during this period. The IRS would also not consider any installment agreement of this period as a defaulter. However, the interest would be accruing on the unpaid balances. 
  • Also, the IRS has made provisions by which taxpayers either individuals or business entities who would not be able to make payment for their federal taxes can take the help of the monthly payment agreement by the IRS.

 

Offers in Compromise (OIC)

  1. The taxpayers who have pending OIC can provide additional information for support till 15th July 2020. Without the consent from taxpayers, IRS would not be closing any OIC which is pending before 15th July 2020.
  2. Taxpayers who have accepted OICs can suspend their payments until 15th July 2020. However, interest would be levied on the accrued balances which are unpaid.

 

3.Those taxpayers who are delinquent in the filing of their tax return for the year 2018, the IRS would not issue an OIC as a defaulter for them.

 4.Any delinquent returns of the tax year 2018 must be filed by the taxpayers either before or on 15th July 2020.

Automated Liens

and

Levies

According to the regulations of the IRS, no new automatic liens and levies would be carried out till 15th July 2020.

 

Activities related

to field collection

  • All activities related to liens, levies and any seizures associated with a personal residence that are initiated by the field revenue officers will be suspended till 15th July 2020. 
  • The field revenue officers will, however, continue to perform seizures and similar activities for high-income non-filers whenever needed.

 

Passport Certifications to the State Government and Private Debt Collection

  1. For the seriously delinquent taxpayers, the IRS would provide Passport certifications to the State Government. This procedure has been suspended currently till 15th July 2020.
  2. Moreover, new delinquent accounts will also not be forwarded by the IRS to the other private collection agencies for working on them until 15th July 2020.

Field, Office and other correspondence audits

  1. Any in-person field, office or correspondence audits will not be carried on till 15th July 2020. There can be audits or examinations remotely by the examiners of the IRS. Taxpayers should also co-operate with the IRS and provide all information that is requested for faster tax processing. 
  2. There might be some situations in which the taxpayers might be interested in the examination or audit. If the audit or examination is beneficial for the parties and the required IRS personnel are available then the audits/examination can start.

 

 

Refund claims

The IRS would continue to work on the processing of the refund claims without making any in-person contact.

Earned Income Tax Credit and

Wage Verification Reviews

  • The taxpayers have time till 15th July 2020 for responding to the IRS that whether they qualify for the EITC or their income has to be verified. 
  • Through 15th July 2020, taxpayers will not be denied these credits if they have a failure in providing the requested information.

 

Independent Office of appeals

The Office of appeals would be continuing to work on their cases. There might be a conference which would be held by telephone or through videoconferencing. For all the cases of the Independent Office of appeals, the taxpayers should promptly respond to any request made for information.

Statute of limitations

There would no disruption in the protection of the statute limitations by the IRS. The taxpayers are encouraged to co-operate with the IRS in extending those statutes whose expirations may be jeopardized. Otherwise, notes of deficiency would be issued by the IRS to protect the interests of the Government in the preservation of these statutes.

Conclusion

Hence, with these several changes being implemented by the IRS in the tax regulation the plight of the individual taxpayers and business entities would reduce by a considerable amount. With these tax relaxations and suspensions, business entities are sure to cope up with the losses that have been incurred due to the outbreak of COVID-19.  

References

https://tax.thomsonreuters.com/news/irs-suspends-certain-compliance-programs-due-to-covid-19/

https://www.forbes.com/sites/kellyphillipserb/2020/03/25/irs-will-ease-tax-payment-guidelines–limit-collections-activities-during-covid-19-crisis/#5a8cdb9c4dca

https://www.forbes.com/sites/robertwood/2020/03/25/irs-eases-installments-due-slows-audits-sweeping-relief-puts-people-first/#2eb525c93855

https://www.accountingtoday.com/news/irs-suspends-key-tax-compliance-and-enforcement-programs-to-adjust-covid-19-effort

  

 

Tax relief measures for small businesses during the coronavirus pandemic

Tax relief measures for small businesses during the coronavirus pandemic

Tax relief measures for small businesses

during the coronavirus pandemic

The entire nation has been affected by the dreadful coronavirus. The rapid spread of the COVID-19 across the country has affected the economy on a very massive scale. The business operation across the country has come to a standstill especially in the case of small businesses that are tax relief measures. Social distancing and quarantining have led to a decrease in the number of customers coming to purchasing impacting sales. Numbers of employees are also not going on work as everyone is forced to stay inside for preventing further spread of the disease. In such adverse situations where there are huge economic disruptions, the Government is working towards passing legislation that would help in providing financial relief to the businesses and taxpayers.

The Families First Coronavirus Response Act

On March 13th, 2020, President Trump had declared a situation of national emergency along with open access of States and Territories to $50 billion for the shared fight against the disease. Again on 18th March 2020, the Senate had passed the Families First Coronavirus Response Act. This bill was signed by the President on that day which included the below-mentioned highlighted points.

1.Federally mandated paid leave benefits and paid sick leave are to be provided to the eligible employees. The paid sick leave must be provided to the impacted employees for 14 days at the regular rate of pay i.e. max $511 per day. Moreover, employers should also provide the benefits of paid leave to the eligible employees for three months.

2.The availability of tax credits for both employers and self-employed taxpayers have been mandated to reduce the burden of employers arising due to the paid leave

 

Extension in tax payment and tax return filing deadline

The US Treasury Department and the IRS had announced that the deadlines for filing tax returns and tax payments that are due on 15th April 2020 are extended up to 15th July 2020. This extension is applicable for making filing tax returns for 2019, Income Tax payments for 2019 and the estimated income tax payments for 2020.

If there is a tax refund due, then the Income tax returns must be filed as soon as possible so that the refund can be obtained immediately and put to use in this time of crisis.

 

Low-interest loans guaranteed by the SBA

 

When there is a tremendous drop in sales, it becomes quite difficult to manage business expenses, employee wages, bills, etc. In such a situation, a business loan can be taken but then it will have a very high rate of interest. So, to ease down these worries the President has announced that the Government would provide more funds in the federal disaster loans which are backed by the Small Business Administration (SBA).  The loans provided by the SBA are known as the Economic Injury Disaster Loan.These loans would help in providing relief for the qualifying businesses in the below-mentioned forms.

 

  1. Loans at low-interest rates i.e. 3.75% for businesses and 2.75% for non-profit organizations.
  2. Repayment plans are long term in nature i.e. up to a maximum period of 30 years.

If a small business is facing financial issues and is not able to afford bills related to the payroll expenses, fixed debts and accounts payable then it can apply for an “Economic Injury Disaster Loan”.

 

Moreover, the federal and state financial regulators have been encouraging the financial institutions to work in a co-operative manner with those borrowers who belong to the affected communities.

Cash Payment by the Government

Another measure taken by the Government to provide relief to the small businesses is by providing the Stimulus package. Under this package, stimulus checks would be provided to US adults. On 27th March 2020, President Trump signed the CARES Act into law.

By this Act, cash payments would be provided to adult taxpayers up to $1200 for a single person and up to $2400 for couples. If there is a child, then the amount of the stimulus cheque will include an additional $500.

Those individuals who have earned $75,000 in the adjusted gross income (AGI) on the Income-tax returns of 2018 will be receiving a lower amount. Also, those individuals who do not have a federal tax liability will receive $600 under this proposal.       

 

Deferment of

any amount

The IRS has also announced any amount can be deferred related to the Federal tax.  In the Notice 2020-18, the IRS had stated that “there is no limitation on the amount of payment that may be postponed”. Previously, there was a dollar limit on the tax that can be deferred but later on 21st March 2020 this limit has been withdrawn.

This deferment or the postponement of tax payment has only been announced for the federal taxes and is not applicable for any other tax like excise taxes and payroll taxes.

Conclusion

Hence, the various legislations and implementations of new tax laws would be helpful for small business owners to avoid sleepless nights due to tax payments in times of low sales and disrupted business.

References

https://ssfllp.com/coronavirus-covid-19-tax-relief-for-small-businesses/

https://www.patriotsoftware.com/blog/payroll/small-business-relief-coronavirus-pandemic/

 

Families First Coronavirus Response Act: The new coronavirus relief bill

Families First Coronavirus Response Act: The new coronavirus relief bill

Families First Coronavirus Response Act:

The new coronavirus relief bill

The Families First Coronavirus Response Act has been signed by the US President on 18th March 2020 to provide additional relief for those taxpayers who have been affected by the COVID-19. This Act is applicable for all categories of taxpayers such as individuals, self-employed and business entities as well. This new law would be effective starting from 1st April 2020 till 31st December 2020.

There are several provisions included under this legislative package such as free coronavirus testing, food assistance, increase in medical service budget, etc. However, there are four major aspects of the Family First Coronavirus Response Act that apply to businesses.  These major aspects include provision for employers to offer paid sick leave, paid family leave and medical leaves, tax credits for the paid leave and the expansion of the insurance related to unemployment.

Emergency Family and Medical

  Leave Expansion Act (FMLA)

By this guideline, until the end of December 2020 employers who have a workforce consisting of less than 500 employees must provide their employees with a paid FMLA of up to 10 weeks. The first two weeks of the general 12-week FMLA leave might be unpaid but the employee might be able to be paid by the provision of paid sick leave.

Eligibility for FMLA

Paid FMLA can be availed by an employee who has been employed for at least 30 days and must be taking care of the minor children whose school or child care center has been closed due to the outbreak of COVID-19. An employee who is eligible to obtain FMLA must not be working or even working remotely while taking care of the children.

Payment of employees

during this time

The employers would provide employees unpaid leave for 10 days. Then, the concept of paid leave arises and the employees can receive compensation at two-thirds of their normal rate. The paid leave cannot be more than $200 per day and $10,000 total for a period of full 10 weeks.

Exemptions 

Businesses that have less than 50 employees can be exempted from all these provisions if they can prove that by providing the Emergency Family and Medical leave they would be risking to go out of their business. 

Employees working in health care organizations or emergency services can be excluded from the emergency FMLA due to the outbreak of COVID-19.

 

 

Businesses having fewer than 50 employees are exempted from any civil actions that are brought by employees for creating violations regarding emergency FMLA.

 

Emergency Paid Sick Leave Act 

This is another leave provision of the Families First Coronavirus Response Act which would be effective till the end of December 2020. Employers having fewer employees than 500 should offer paid sick leave to those who meet the criterion associated with a public health emergency.

Eligibility for Emergency Paid Sick Leave

 

This would be available for all those employees who are unable to work due to the below-mentioned circumstances.

  1. Federal, State or even local quarantine due to COVID-19.
  2. Being advised by the doctor to be self-quarantined due to COVID-19.
  3. Experiencing some symptoms of COVID-19 and under medical supervision

4.Taking care of a family member who has been advised for quarantine

5. Caring for minor children if their schools, child care centers are closed or their caretaker is not available due to COVID-19.

Payment of employees

during this time

1.Full-time employees would receive up to 80 hours of paid sick leave whereas part-time employees can receive paid sick leave based on the number of hours they are working in two weeks.

2. For the reasons like need to have self-isolation as advised by doctors sick leave is received at a normal rate capped at $511 in a day.

3.If it is due to taking care of sick persons or minor children then sick leave obtained is two-thirds of regular pay capped at $200 per day. 

 

Exemptions

Businesses that have less than 50 employees can be exempted from all these provisions if they can prove that by providing the emergency paid sick leave they would be threatening the viability of their business

Tax credits for employers 

Since employers are paying the Emergency FMLA or emergency paid sick leave, they can avail of certain reimbursements by tax credits. 

  1. In every quarter, private organizations can avail refundable tax credits for FMLA and paid sick leaves. These tax credits would be applied to the Social Security taxes which the employer owes.

2. Even after this, if the businesses are not able to cover the payouts the Treasury Department can help with cash payouts. 

3. Moreover, the Treasury can also waive any penalties arising due to the failure of businesses in submitting their payroll taxes due to the anticipation of a refund as per the new laws.

4. Furthermore, the tax credit of employers is increased by the amount it is paying to maintain health care related to sick leave and FMLA.

Emergency Unemployment Insurance

By the FFCRA, the State Governments are allocated with $1 billion in funds for those workers who need unemployment insurance. This Act also removes the issue of unemployed workers to wait for one week to be eligible for Unemployment Insurance. This implies that the workers would be able to apply for the unemployment insurance quite faster.

Conclusion

Hence, with the coronavirus creating havoc in the lives of common people it is also evident that many self-employed individuals and small businesses would suffer losses as well. Layoff and workforce downsizing have already been started in several businesses. In such a stressful situation, the FFCRA is a sincere effort by the Federal Government to bring some alleviation in the economic stress of both employers and employees.

References

  1. https://blog.turbotax.intuit.com/tax-news/families-first-coronavirus-response-act-everything-taxpayers-need-to-know-about-the-new-relief-bill-46430/
  2. https://www.uschamber.com/co/start/strategy/families-first-coronavirus-response-act-guide
  3. https://www.natlawreview.com/article/emergency-legislation-families-first-coronavirus-response-act-updated-march-26-2020

 

 

Understanding Tax Bracket for Tax Filing in 2019 for NR in the US

Understanding Tax Bracket for Tax Filing in 2019 for NR in the US

Understanding Tax Bracket for Tax Filing in 2019 for NR in the US

The tax filing season for 2018 is just around the corner. However, the IRS has just released the updated tax brackets adjusted with inflation for 2019. If you are in the middle of tax filing for 2018, it is better to finish the same before moving to 2019 changes.

The latest iteration adjusts the tax brackets and certain credits according to inflation. But the first and foremost step is to figure out whether you are liable to file tax returns. The IRS’s website has a link which will help you identify whether or not you need to file returns.

However, the following simple criteria should help you understand the same. If your income exceeds these levels, you are liable to pay taxes. There still are seven tax brackets but there have been subtle changes to the income tax brackets.

  • 10% tax rate

    • If you are single and earn up to $9,700.
    • If you are married and filing jointly and earn up to $19,400.
    • If you the head of a household and earn up to $13,850.
    • If you are married but filing separately and earn up to $9,700.
  • 12% tax rate

    • If you are single and earn between $9,701and$39,475.
    • If you are married and filing jointly and earn between $19,401 and $78,950.
    • If you the head of a household and earn between$13,851 and $52,850.
    • If you are married but filing separately and earn between $9,701 and $39,475.
  • 22% tax rate

    • If you are single and earn between $39,476 and $84,200.
    • If you are married and filing jointly and earn between $78,951 and $168,400.
    • If you the head of a household and earn between $52,851 and $84,200.
    • If you are married but filing separately and earn between $39,476 and $84,200.
  • 24% tax rate

    • If you are single and earn between $84,201 and $160,725.
    • If you are married and filing jointly and earn between $168,401 and $321,450.
    • If you the head of a household and earn between $84,201 and $160,700.
    • If you are married but filing separately and earn between $84,201 and $160,725.
  • 32% tax rate

    • If you are single and earn between $160,726 and $204,100.
    • If you are married and filing jointly and earn between $321,451 and $408,200.
    • If you the head of a household and earn between $160,701 and $204,100.
    • If you are married but filing separately and earn between $160,726 and $204,100.
  • 35% tax rate

    • If you are single and earn between $204,101 and $510,300.
    • If you are married and filing jointly and earn between $408,201 and $612,350.
    • If you the head of a household and earn between $204,101 and $510,300.
    • If you are married but filing separately and earn between $204,101 and $306,175.
  • 37% tax rate

    • If you are single and earn above $510,300.
    • If you are married and filing jointly and earn above$612,350.
    • If you the head of a household and earn above$510,300.
    • If you are married but filing separately and earn above$306,175.

How to Assess?

The first step of assessing your tax liability, you first need to calculate all your sources of income. This total income amount at the end is known as the gross income. You can then apply all the adjustments and exemptions from your gross income. This then becomes your AGI or adjusted gross income. It works as the starting point for calculating your tax liability.