How to save money from your Employee Benefits offered to NRIs in the US
ForIf you are an NRI and doing a job in the US, you will have to pay taxes to the US Government according to the tax laws framed by the US Government. an NRI doing a job in the US, there are numerous taxes to be paid. However, some substantial amounts of money can be saved by an NRI by availing of the various employee benefits offered by the employer in the US.
Let us have a look at the taxes which an NRI doing a job in the US is supposed to pay.
Taxes to be paid by an NRI employee in the US
Social Security taxes
Every individual working in the US has to pay the Social Security Tax. This amount is contributed by you and your employer together. Half of this amount is contributed by your employer and you will contribute the other half for the payment of the Social Security Tax. An amount ranging to 6.2% of your gross salary is deductible from your salary for the payment of social security tax.
The Medicare tax would be paid by you for the health care services to be availed after your retirement. Your employer will deduct 1.45% from your gross salary for making the payment of the Medicare Tax. Even if you will not be present in the country to avail the retirement benefits, but you are still liable to pay this tax.
Federal Income Tax
This is a tricky category of taxation for the US residents including NRIs and PIOs as well. You will have to pay taxes on the income earned in the US but you will not be able to claim any deductions which the US citizens will avail. However, if you are willing to avail of these deductions then you will have to pay tax on your income earned outside the US as well.
You are liable State Tax for that particular state in which you are working.
Global Income Tax
You will have to pay this tax if you are earning dividends on mutual funds, shares, agricultural income, etc.
Paying all these taxes would definitely reduce your take-home salary by a considerable amount. However, in the US your employers will provide a number of employee benefits which would be very helpful for you in saving money.
Let us check out some of these benefits available to NRI employees in the US which help in saving money.
Health Savings Account (HSA)
In case your employer is providing a good health plan with a high deductible, you can consider the option of opening a Health Savings Account (HSA). The maximum limit on the contribution to be made by families is $6900 and for singles, the maximum limit is $3450. This money is taken from your paycheck and is accumulated in a Savings Account that can be used during medical emergencies. However, your withdrawal from the HSA will be tax-free only when you are doing it for medical expenses.
Flexible Spending Account (FSA)
This is another benefit provided by your employer is giving you an opportunity to set aside the entire amount in this account free from ant taxation. The contribution into this account has to be made by your employer but you will have to use the money in this account within a stipulated time period otherwise you tend to lose the amount.
This insurance is a major benefit provided by your employer and it will cover expenses incurred in hospital visits, doctor’s visits, medicines, prescriptions, etc.
This is otherwise known as your retirement plan and by this; you are contributing towards your savings for your retirement. The contribution to this corpus for retirement is made by you and your employer as well. The maximum limit on the contribution made by you would be up to $19000. Moreover, if you are above the 50 years you can contribute an additional $6000 into your retirement corpus.
Health Reimbursement Account (HRA)
This can be termed as Group Health Plans and are sponsored by you and your employer. The amounts which qualify for your medical expenses in a particular year up to a specific limit are free from taxes. The amount which remains unused can be used in the subsequent years as well.
This insurance covers medical examinations, emergency treatments, and ambulance or transportation charges, in-hospitalization expenses.
Hence, in addition to the above-mentioned benefits provided by employers, there are a number of other benefits as well such as Dental Insurance, Vision Insurance, Disability Insurance, Accidental death and, dismemberment insurance, etc. These benefits offered by employers can be a great help to NRIs working in the US in saving money.