Buying a property in India? Here’s all you need to know about taxation norms
Whether you have bought a property in India or are planning to buy one, here all you need to know about taxation norms, it is quintessential that you are aware of the tax implications. This will help you plan your taxes and make the most of the available tax breaks. And most importantly, it will keep you away from surprises which might burn a hole in your pockets.
Property Taxes in India
In simple terms, any taxes that you must pay for your property would be tagged as property taxes. Primarily there are two types of property taxes in India,
- Maintenance Taxes
- Sales Taxes
Buying Property in India
Before you can proceed with buying a property in India, you must be aware of the eligibility criteria. There are no restrictions when it comes to buying a property for resident Indians. Indian nationals or people with Indian origin can buy property in India even if they live abroad. However, you cannot buy a property if you have moved to Iran, Nepal, Bangladesh, Bhutan, Afghanistan, Pakistan or Sri Lanka.
If you are neither a resident of India nor Indian, you cannot buy a property in the country. To be a legal resident, you must have spent at least 183 days in a financial year.
Who Must Pay Property Taxes?
A buyer of the property would end up paying most of the taxes in the form of sales tax. And if you are selling a property, you would be entitled to pay any capital gains taxes. And the owner of a property is responsible for paying out any maintenance taxes applicable.
Types Of Property Taxes
Here are the different types of property taxes that one must bear during ownership.
- Sales Tax
The sales tax comes into the picture while both buying or selling a property. And the tax collected is used for the following purposes.
- Registration charges
- The buyer of the property must pay the registration charges in front of a registration officer. The registration charges are set by the respective states and are usually at 1%.
- TDS or Tax Deducted at Source comes into the picture when the property transactions qualify to be ofhigher value. The TDS must be paid by the buyer of the property and is applicable for transactions that exceed INR 50 lakhs. The buyer must deduct the TDS from the total transaction value and submit the same to the income tax department.
- Service Tax for properties that are under construction
- For properties that are under construction, you might have to pay service taxes. The central government is responsible for these taxes and not the local authorities. The charges are usually 3.75% to 4.5% of the total property value.
- Capital gains tax
- If you sell a property and make profits in the transaction, you are liable to pay capital gains tax on the same. Properties held for 2 years, long term capital gains are applicable and the properties which are held for a lesser duration, qualify for short term capital gains tax. Currently, the short term capital gains tax is at 15% and long term capital gains tax is at 20%.
- Stamp duty
- The Stamp duty charges are paid to the state government and depend on a variety of factors such as the location of the property, the property, its age, etc. The stamp duty charges vary depending on the state and can range between 35 to 10%.
Being aware of the above property tax types will help you plan your taxes and take appropriate actions so that you are not caught off guard.